Medical science has done great wonders. From giving the world various medicines to finding new treatment techniques, medical science has really proved to be a blessing. Humanity has benefitted a great deal from these medical discoveries. With continuous innovation and research, medical science has found solutions to some of the toughest medical problems. One of the best medical discoveries include advancements in plastic and reconstructive surgery. It has proved to be a boon for people suffering from injuries and accidents.
What is Plastic Surgery?
Plastic surgery is the surgical restoration of an injured or damaged human body part. It is a specialized kind of surgery in which a damaged body part is remade using tissues from other body parts. It is very useful for treating different body alterations. Reconstructive surgeries are aimed at reconstructing a body part to improve its functioning. It is used for treating abnormalities like cleft palate, webbed fingers, and unwanted birthmarks. Reconstructive surgery includes craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and for treatment of some burns.
How is it done?
There are several techniques used to carry out plastic surgery. Many methods are used to manipulate body tissues. These surgeries are done by specialized and experienced surgeons. Skin graft is a technique where healthy skin from an unaffected area of the body is taken and replaced with the lost or damaged skin. Skin flap surgery is a technique where a piece of tissue from one part of the body is transferred to another along with the blood vessels that keep it alive. Tissue expansion is yet another specialized technique used for plastic surgery. In this technique, the surrounding tissue is expanded to let the body grow extra skin that can be used to help treat the affected area.
Procedures In Plastic And Reconstructive Surgeries
The reconstructive surgeries are performed to correct certain deformities that can be created by birth defects, accidents, trauma or due to medical conditions. Often undergoing through a reconstructive surgery is considered medically necessary because if not done bodily defects can cause severe problems later on. Some of the procedures which fall under reconstructive surgery are as follows:
- Microsurgery: The reconstructive microsurgery is a type of plastic and reconstructive surgery done with the help of a specialized microscope and precision instruments to reconstruct the intricate structures inside the body like blood vessels and nerves. Microsurgery mostly involves the transfer of tissues from one part of the body to another.
- Breast Reconstruction Surgery: It is a surgery that is done to restore both the breasts in normal shape and proper symmetry. Breast reconstruction generally falls into two categories which are implant-based reconstruction which involves the insertion of a silicone implant for giving breasts a structure or flap reconstruction is a type where the patient’s tissue from another part of the body is used to reconstruct the breast structure.
- Congenital Anomaly Reconstruction: Congenital anomaly is a diagnosed condition that is present from birth, this is caused by a hereditary or a developmental disability. Reconstruction surgery procedures restore the appearance of the people with a variety of congenital anomalies.
Reconstructive surgeries have other variety of procedures which can be undergone on different regions of the body to repair different number of bodily defects and disorders, plastic and reconstruction surgeries have proved very beneficial for curing different problems and a large number of people have been cured of their problems which they had after the reconstructions surgeries.